Synesthesia from the Ancient Greek "syn", (together) and "aisthēsis" (sensation) — a neurologically based phenomenon in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway. For example, seeing colours whilst listening to music. People who report such experiences are known as synesthetes.
One could think of it as the opposite to anesthesia ( anesthetic ) - ie the lack of senses.
When we were little, my sisters and brother and I would play “fairytales” on the piano keys - in the darkness of the lower octaves lived threatening bears and the upper octaves were the domain of pure white, tinkly fairies…good always triumphed over evil - hence the offensive gesture known as the “one fingered salute”. The coloured middle notes (delineated by the black Cs) are my basic working area for the melodies in my song composition, including the colours of each key (city building shapes denote the business side of songwriting) while Buddha looks on and giggles in the background…
"Colour is the keyboard, the eyes are the harmonies, the soul is the
piano with many strings. The artist is the hand that plays, touching one key or another, to cause
vibrations in the soul."
Wassily Kandinsky, artist, cellist and synesthete.
I've always had music-colour synesthesia, although I never knew that it had a name
until about 2007. Ever since I can remember, listening to music or playing
the piano has always been associated with colours in my mind's eye.
I never thought about it as being particularly unusual or different - in fact I never really thought about it at all. It's as normal and unremarkable as breathing. It doesn't affect my vision in any way but it does add a very beautiful dimension to my appreciation of music and I feel very lucky to experience it every day of my life. Music-colour synesthesia has been around a long time. The great Russian-born visual artist, Wassily Kandinsky, who was also a musician, used color in a highly theoretical way associating tone with timbre (the sound's character), hue with pitch, and saturation with the volume of sound, all ideas which make complete sense to me. Isaac Newton was intrigued by the concept that colour and musical frequencies could be correlated, however, I have read about and spoken to people with music-colour synesthesia who are adamant about their particular fusion of the senses and, for example, colours we see for the same tones are completely different.
I am a piano player. I have specific colours for the 12 tones in the octave which vary in their brightness depending on whether they are associated with major or minor keys. So, for example, for me, the key of G is always dark green, Eb is a hot velvety pink, Am is ochre / dark yellow, Bb is a deep velvelty brown etc. For other music-colour synesthetes, these keys or tones may have completely different colours. Sometimes textures and shapes appear as well – crystal shapes are everywhere across many genres of music for me – hence their prevalence in my artwork. It’s not always pleasurable - when I hear grunge or heavy metal music for example, it always looks and feels like black, grey and brown gravel grazing my skin. Needless to say, it’s not entirely comfortable to listen to it! More soothing are the sounds and colours emanating from a clarinet which always look and sound like smooth, grey swirling tubes, or a flute - silvery blue / white...
Generally I see higher pitched tones as lighter and brighter colours than lower ones which tend to be darker or more saturated - and when I hear several musical instruments together - forming a genre of music, there are many colours combined - exemplified by my pieces of artwork entitled Jazz and Jazz III (the piece entitled Jazz II is still evolving…).
Cool lounge jazz has always been surrounded by dark-ish blue (twilight colour - Jazz),
Dixie conjures up yellows and whites and Latin has lots of fiery reds and oranges
associated with it (Jazz III). I suspect I have a quite a few more artistic
works in the Jazz series to come!
Hearing certain musical instruments in isolation creates very strongly coloured and even shaped or textured reactions: the sound of a cello is always a full, blood red, a flute sounds thin and silver blue, piano music is always black and white: Sometimes the images are very hard to describe or “grab on to”– an accordion always has a multiple set of colours - I see multiple streamers of festive colours in that case - other times the explanation seems straightforward as certain musical instruments will take on the colours of that instrument: saxes sound bulbous and bright gold, trumpets sound silver, the double bass is velvet brown.
As a piano player, I have certain colours (and sometimes textures too) for certain tones - particularly in the middle octaves. As I go up the the keyboard everything turns whiter and down the lower end of the keys everything turns dark.
|C#||chrome (a brightness added to the black)|
|Eb||velvety hot pink|
|Ab||ochre (tanny terracotta / yellow)|
|A||golden shiny yellow|
It’s not a surprise to me that many people have never heard the
One theory is that because it is not considered an illness or life-threatening disease, it doesn’t attract much media attention. It is also invisible (although some of us express it through art!). People I know who have it don’t talk about it – not necessarily because they don’t want to but because, like me, they don’t consider it to be a big deal. I only stumbled upon the word by accident - I was at the Melbourne Museum a few years back, in the Mind and Body section, when I wandered into a "black screen phone box" and listened with joyful recognition to a young man talking about how he saw colours when he listened to music and that he "loved having synesthesia" - what an epiphany it was for me! I couldn't wait to get home and tell my family about this wonderful discovery. I was so thrilled that there was a word for this thing that I had grown up with, because it meant that I could start researching it and talking to people about it... and of course there's LOADS of information about it. I was also pleasantly surprised to find that some of my artist and musician friends have it too to varying degrees - some of whom I've known for years and we've never ever talked about it.
I would have to say the event at the museum was the turning point for me which began my artistic foray into the use of colour. Previously, all my illustration work for many, many years had always only ever been in black and white – I didn’t quite know what to do with colour or how to use it effectively, and all of a sudden it became clear, through this unexpected revelation and my recognition of the connection between music and colour that had always been there, just waiting for the right moment to present itself…
Of course, much has been written and studied about synesthesia - there is a plethora of information available on the internet about it and its various forms. I was quite delighted to read all about it and to discover that some musicians I have always admired (Tori Amos and Billy Joel for example, and even Mozart - all pianists too, interestingly) also have this wonderful brain wiring! I'm also still discovering more of my musical colleagues who I've known for years have it too. It's hilarious!
It’s a wonderfully intriguing phenomenon, even though I’ve been familiar with it all my life, and I enjoy immensely the fact that I can now translate my particular brand of music-colour synesthesia into my art and combine it with the performance elements of my work, creating and sharing a completely fascinating and inextricably connected visual and performing experience.
I LOVE it when people who discover I have this way of hearing and seeing music say to me " Oh WOW - you're one of THOSE!" ...I actually feel quite blessed. - Tracey Roberts 2014
Here's an interesting view too by Professor Jamie Ward - Unversity of Sussex, UK
on Synesthesia and Art
...for more general information see wikipedia Synaesthesia
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